The importance of ideology and external factors in Greek foreign policy: the case of Ioannis Metaxas (1936-1941)

Posted on Posted in Research Papers

By Ioannis Chouliaras, Junior Analyst at KEDISA

The degree at which Metaxas’ foreign policy was shaped by a realistic interpretation of the structural strategic environment of the period and not by internal factors, such as ideology or the role of other political institutions in the shaping of Greek foreign policy, such as the monarchy. After examining Metaxas regime’s case, whether the structural factors which shaped his foreign policy are still crucial for Greek strategy, due to their irreversible or hard to reverse nature and the subsequent pressure they exert on foreign policy makers, diminishing the role of internal political factors in determining Greek foreign policy.

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