By Spyros Plakoudas, Analyst KEDISA
A By-Product of the Arab Spring
Without doubt, the Syrian Civil War represents the most violent war in the world. Indicatively, by the end of 2015 the war had already cost over 300,000 dead – plus 7,500,000 internally displaced people and 4,000,000 refugees out of a total population of nearly 20 million (Boghani, 2016). The Syrian Civil War marks the end of the Arab Spring, a wave of popular uprisings in the Middle East against autocrats since December 2010 (Lynch, 2012), and the onset of the Arab Winter (Isreali, 2013).